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Peer-Reviewed Publications

Recent Publications


Williams, A.T.; Muller, C.R.; Eaker, A.M.; Belcher, D.A.; Bolden-Rush, C.; Palmer, A.F.; Cabrales, P. Polymerized hemoglobin with increased molecular size reduces toxicity in healthy guinea pigs. ACS Applied Bio Materials 2020. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsabm.0c00039.

Pires, I. S.; Savla, C.; Palmer, A. F. Polyethylene Glycol Surface Conjugated Apohemoglobin as a Synthetic Heme Scavenger. Biomacromolecules 2020, acs.biomac.0c00141. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.biomac.0c00141.

Williams, A. T.; Lucas, A.; Muller, C. R.; Munoz, C.; Bolden-Rush, C.; Palmer, A. F.; Cabrales, P. Resuscitation from Hemorrhagic Shock With Fresh and Stored Blood and Polymerized Hemoglobin. Shock 2020, 1. https://doi.org/10.1097/SHK.0000000000001530.

Krzyszczyk, P.; Patel, K.; Meng, Y.; O’Reggio, M.; Richardson, K.; Acevedo, A.; Androulakis, I. P.; Yarmush, M. L.; Schloss, R. S.; Palmer, A. F.; Berthiaume, F. Macrophage Modulation by Polymerized Hemoglobins: Potential as a Wound-Healing Therapy. Technology 2020, 07 (03n04), 1–14. https://doi.org/10.1142/s2339547819500055.

Jiang, P.; Chaparro, F. J.; Cuddington, C. T.; Palmer, A. F.; Ohr, M. P.; Lannutti, J. J.; Swindle-Reilly, K. E. Injectable Biodegradable Bi-Layered Capsule for Sustained Delivery of Bevacizumab in Treating Wet Age-Related Macular Degeneration. J. Control. Release 2020. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jconrel.2020.01.036.

Cuddington, C.; Moses, S.; Belcher, D.; Ramesh, N.; Palmer, A. Next‐generation Polymerized Human Hemoglobins in Hepatic Bioreactor Simulations. Biotechnol. Prog. 2020. https://doi.org/10.1002/btpr.2958.

Belcher, D. A.; Cuddington, C. T.; Martindale, E. L.; Pires, I. S.; Palmer, A. F. Controlled Polymerization and Ultrafiltration Increase the Consistency of Polymerized Hemoglobin for Use as an Oxygen Carrier. Bioconjug. Chem. 2020, acs.bioconjchem.9b00766. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.bioconjchem.9b00766.

Pires, I. S.; Belcher, D. A.; Hickey, R.; Miller, C.; Badu‐Tawiah, A. K.; Baek, J. H.; Buehler, P. W.; Palmer, A. F. Novel Manufacturing Method for Producing Apohemoglobin and Its Biophysical Properties. Biotechnol. Bioeng. 2020, 117 (1), 125–145. https://doi.org/10.1002/bit.27193.

Kim, J.; Gomez-Pastora, J.; Gilbert, C. J.; Weigand, M.; Walters, N. A.; Reategui, E.; Palmer, A. F.; Yazer, M. H.; Zborowski, M.; Chalmers, J. J. Quantification of the Mean and Distribution of Hemoglobin Content in Normal Human Blood Using Cell Tracking Velocimetry. Anal. Chem. 2019, acs.analchem.9b04302. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.analchem.9b04302.

Hugelshofer, M.; Buzzi, R. M.; Schaer, C. A.; Richter, H.; Akeret, K.; Anagnostakou, V.; Mahmoudi, L.; Vaccani, R.; Vallelian, F.; Deuel, J. W.; et al. Haptoglobin Administration into the Subarachnoid Space Prevents Hemoglobin-Induced Cerebral Vasospasm. J. Clin. Invest. 2019. https://doi.org/10.1172/jci130630.

Redinus, K.; Baek, J. H.; Yalamanoglu, A.; Shin, H. K. H.; Moldova, R.; Harral, J. W.; Swindle, D.; Pak, D.; Ferguson, S. K.; Nuss, R.; et al. An Hb-Mediated Circulating Macrophage Contributing to Pulmonary Vascular Remodeling in Sickle Cell Disease. JCI Insight 2019, 4 (15). https://doi.org/10.1172/jci.insight.127860.

Kim, J.; Weigand, M.; Palmer, A. F.; Zborowski, M.; Yazer, M. H.; Chalmers, J. J. Single Cell Analysis of Aged RBCs: Quantitative Analysis of the Aged Cells and Byproducts. Analyst 2019, 144 (3), 935–942. https://doi.org/10.1039/c8an01904e.

Belcher, D. A.; Ju, J. A.; Baek, J. H.; Yalamanoglu, A.; Buehler, P. W.; Gilkes, D. M.; Palmer, A. F. The Quaternary State of Polymerized Human Hemoglobin Regulates Oxygenation of Breast Cancer Solid Tumors: A Theoretical and Experimental Study. PLoS One 2018, 13 (2). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0191275.

Belcher, D. A.; Banerjee, U.; Baehr, C. M.; Richardson, K. E.; Cabrales, P.; Berthiaume, F.; Palmer, A. F. Mixtures of Tense and Relaxed State Polymerized Human Hemoglobin Regulate Oxygen Affinity and Tissue Construct Oxygenation. PLoS One 2017, 12 (10), e0185988. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0185988.

Pires, I. S.; Belcher, D. A.; Palmer, A. F. Quantification of Active Apohemoglobin Heme-Binding Sites via Dicyanohemin Incorporation. Biochemistry 2017, 56 (40), 5245–5259. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.biochem.7b00683.

 

Other Publications


V. P. Jani, J. Alborz, S. Moges, P. Nacharaju, C. Roche, D. Dantsker, A. Palmer, J. M. Friedman, P. Cabrales, “Polyethylene glycol camouflaged earthworm hemoglobin,” Jan 18;12(1):e0170041. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0170041. PLoS One (2017)

J. J. Chalmers, X. Jin, A. F. Palmer, P. Amaya, M. H. Yazer, L. R. Moore, K. J. Park, X. J. Pan, M. Zborowski, “Femtogram resolution of iron content on a per cell basis: ex vivo storage of human red blood cells leads to loss of hemoglobin,” 89:3702-3709 Analytical Chemistry (2017)

D. Hayes, D. Tumin, A. R. Yates, H. M. Mansour, K. K. Nicol, J. D. Tobias, A. F. Palmer, “Transfusion with packed red blood cells while awaiting lung transplantation is associated with reduced survival after lung transplantation,” 30: 1545-1551 Clinical Transplantation (2016)

H. S. Wei, H. Kang, I. D. Rasheed, S. Zhou, N. Lou, A. Gershteyn, E. D. McConnell, Y. Wang, K. E. Richardson, A. F. Palmer, C. Xu, J. Wan and M. Nedergaard, “Erythrocytes are oxygen-sensing regulators of the cerebral microcirculation,” 91: 851-862 Neuron (2016)

 C. A. Schaer, J. W. Deuel, D. Schildknecht, L. Mahmoudi, I. Garcia-Rubio, C. Owczarek, F. Vallelian, S. Schauer, R. Kissner, U. Banerjee, A. F. Palmer, D. R. Spahn, D. C. Irwin, P. W. Buehler, and D. J. Schaer, “Haptoglobin preserves vascular nitric oxide signaling during hemolysis,” 193: 1111-1122 American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine (2016)

 D. Espes, J. Lau, M. Quach, U. Banerjee, A. F. Palmer and P. O. Carlsson, “Co-transplantation of polymerized hemoglobin reduces beta cell hypoxia and improves beta cell function in intramuscular islet grafts,” 99: 2077–2082 Transplantation (2015)

 J. Fontes, U. Banerjee, M. C. Iazbik, M. L. Marín, C. G. Couto and A. F. Palmer, “The effect of ascorbic acid on storage of greyhound erythrocytes,” 76: 789-800 American Journal of Veterinary Research (2015)

 K. Agarwal, M. Saji, S. Lazaroff, A. F. Palmer, M. D. Ringel, M. Paulaitis, “Analysis of exosome release as a cellular response to MAPK pathway inhibition,” 31: 5440-8 Langmuir (2015)

 R. Xue, C. Ge, K. Richardson, A. Palmer, M. Viapiano, J. Lannutti,  “Microscale sensing of oxygen via encapsulated porphyrin nanofibers: effect of indicator and polymer ‘core’ permeability” ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 7: 8606-14 (2015)

 M. S Kwon, S. K. Woo, S. H. Yoon, A. F. Palmer, U. Banerjee, D. B. Kurland, S. Iqbal, S. Ivanova, V. Gerzanich, J. M. Simard, “Methemoglobin is an endogenous toll-like receptor 4 ligand – relevance to subarachnoid hemorrhage” International Journal of Molecular Sciences 16: 5028-46 (2015)

 C. J. Roche, A. Talwar, A. F. Palmer, P. Cabrales, G. Gerfen and J. M. Friedman, “Evaluating the capacity to generate and preserve nitric oxide bioactivity in highly purified earthworm erythrocruorin: a giant polymeric hemoglobin with potential blood substitute properties,” Journal of Biological Chemistry 290: 99-117 (2015)

 F. S. Boretti, J. H. Baek, A. F. Palmer, D. J. Schaer and P. W. Buehler, “Modelling hemoglobin and hemoglobin:haptoglobin complex clearance in a non-rodent species– pharmacokinetic and therapeutic implications,” Frontiers in Physiology 5: 385 (2014)

 A. D. Roth, R. Xue, T. Nelson, J. Elmer, D. R. Harris, J. Huntley, J. J. Lannutti, M. S. Viapiano and A. F. Palmer, “Hemoglobin regulates the migration of glioma cells along poly(ε-caprolactone)-aligned nanofibers,” Biotechnology Progress 5: 1214-1220 (2014)

 A. F. Palmer and M. Intaglietta, “Blood Substitutes,” Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering 16: 77-101 (2014)

 B. N. Blackstone, A. F. Palmer, H. R. Rilo, and H. M. Powell, “Scaffold architecture controls insulinoma clustering, viability and insulin production,” Tissue Engineering A 20:1784-93 (2014)

 C. Castro, D. Ortiz, A. F. Palmer and P. Cabrales, “Hemodynamics and tissue oxygenation after hemodilution with ultrahigh molecular weight polymerized albumin” Minerva  Anestesiologica 80: 537-546 (2014)

 S. R. Stowell, N. H. Smith, J. C. Zimring, A. F. Palmer, J. Fontes, U. Banerjee and M. H. Yazer, “Addition of ascorbic acid solution to stored murine RBCs increases post-transfusion recovery and decreases microparticles and alloimmunization,” Transfusion 53: 2248-2257 (2013)

 T. W. Kassa, N. Zhang, A. F. Palmer and J. S. Matthews, “Design, synthesis, and activity of 2,3-diphosphoglycerate analogues as allosteric modulators of hemoglobin O2 affinity,” Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology 41:109-115 (2013)

 J. Raval, J. Fontes, U. Banerjee, M. H. Yazer and A. F. Palmer, “Ascorbic acid improves membrane fragility and decreases hemolysis during red blood cell storage,” Transfusion Medicine 23: 87-93 (2013)

 J. Elmer, A. F. Palmer and P. Cabrales, “Oxygen delivery during extreme anemia with ultra-pure earthworm hemoglobin,” Life Sciences 91: 852-9 (2012)

 Z. Li, X. Guo, A. F. Palmer, H. Das, J. Guan, “High Efficiency Matrix Modulus-Induced Cardiac Differentiation of Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells inside a Thermosensitive Hydrogel,” Acta Biomaterialia 8: 3586-3595 (2012)

 P. Cabrales, S. Rameez and A. F. Palmer, “Hemoglobin encapsulated poly(ethylene glycol) surface conjugated vesicles attenuates vasoactivity of cell-free hemoglobin,” Current Drug Discovery Technologies 9: 224-234 (2012)

 S. Rameez, R. P. Patel, J. Honavar, U. Banerjee, J. Fontes, N. Guzman, M. E. Paulaitis and A. F. Palmer, “Encapsulation of hemoglobin inside liposomes surface conjugated with poly(ethylene glycol) attenuates their reactions with gaseous ligands and regulates nitric oxide dependent vasodilation,” Biotechnology Progress 28: 636-645 (2012)

 J. Elmer, K. Zorc, S. Rameez, N. Zhang, P. Cabrales and A. F. Palmer, “Hypervolemic infusion of lumbricus terrestris erythrocruorin purified by tangential flow filtration,” Transfusion 52: 1729-1740 (2012)

 C. Messmer, O. Yalcin, A. F. Palmer and P. Cabrales, “Small volume resuscitation from hemorrhagic shock with polymerized human serum albumin,” The American Journal of Emergency Medicine 30: 1336-46 (2012)

 J. H. Baek, Y. Zhou, D. R. Harris, D. J. Schaer, A. F. Palmer and P. W. Buehler, “Down selection of polymerized bovine hemoglobins for use as oxygen releasing therapeutics,” Toxicological Sciences 127: 567-581 (2012)

 T. J. Styslinger, N. Zhang, V. Bhatt, N. Pettit, A. F. Palmer and P. G. Wang, “Site-selective glycosylation of hemoglobin with variable molecular weight oligosaccharides: a potential alternative to PEGylation,” Journal of the American Chemical Society 134: 7507-7515 (2012)

 S. Rameez, U. Banerjee, J. Fontes, A. Roth and A. F. Palmer, “The reactivity of polymersome encapsulated hemoglobin with physiologically important gaseous ligands: oxygen, carbon monoxide and nitric oxide,” Macromolecules 45: 2385-2389 (2012)

 J. Elmer and A. F. Palmer, “Earthworm erythrocruorin: A promising natural blood substitute,” Journal of Functional Biomaterials 3: 49-60 (2012)

 Y. Zhou, P. Cabrales and A. F. Palmer, “Simulation of NO and O2 transport facilitated by polymerized hemoglobin solutions in an arteriole that takes into account wall shear stress-induced NO production,” Biophysical Chemistry 162: 45-60 (2012)

 N. Zhang and A. F. Palmer, “Liposomes surface conjugated with human hemoglobin target delivery to macrophages,” Biotechnology & Bioengineering 109: 823-9 (2012)

 O. Yalcin, P. C. Johnson, A. F. Palmer and P. Cabrales, “Plasma expander viscosity regulates red cell free layer width after moderate hemodilution,” Biorheology 48: 277-291 (2011)

 Y. Zhou, Y. Jia, P. W. Buehler, P. Cabrales, G. Chen and A. F. Palmer, “Synthesis, biophysical properties and oxygenation potential of high molecular weight polymerized bovine hemoglobins with low and high oxygen affinity,” Biotechnology Progress 27: 1172-1184 (2011)

 A. F. Palmer, N. Zhang, Y. Zhou, D. R. Harris and P. Cabrales, “Small volume resuscitation from hemorrhagic shock using high molecular weight tense-state polymerized hemoglobins,” Journal of Trauma 71: 798-807 (2011)

 N. Cantu-Medellin, D. A. Vitturi, C. Rodriguez, S. Murphy, S. Dorman, S. Shiva, Y. Zhou, Y. Jia, A. F. Palmer, R. P. Patel, “Effects of T- and R-state stabilization on deoxyhemoglobin-nitrite reactions and stimulation of nitric oxide signaling,” Nitric Oxide Journal 25: 59-69 (2011)

 S. Rameez and A. F. Palmer, “A simple method for preparing poly(ethylene glycol) surface conjugated liposome encapsulated hemoglobins: physico-chemical properties, long-term storage stability, and their reactions with O2, CO and NO,” Langmuir 27: 8829-8840 (2011)  

 V. S. Bhatt, S. Saldivar-Lopez, D. R. Harris, C. G. Couto and A. F. Palmer, “Structure of Greyhound hemoglobin: origin of high oxygen affinity,” Acta Crystallographica Section D 67: 395-402 (2011)

 N. Zhang and A. F. Palmer, “Development of a dichloroacetic acid-hemoglobin conjugate as a potential targeted anti-cancer therapeutic,” Biotechnology and Bioengineering 108: 1413-1420 (2011)

 N. Zhang, Y. Jia, G. Chen, P. Cabrales and A. F. Palmer, “Biophysical properties and oxygenation potential of high molecular weight polymerized human hemoglobins maintained in the tense and relaxed quaternary states,” Tissue Engineering A 17: 927-940 (2011)

 J. Elmer, D. R. Harris and A. F. Palmer, “Purification of hemoglobin from red blood cells using tangential flow filtration and immobilized metal ion affinity chromatography,” Journal of Chromatography B 879: 131-138 (2011)

 J. Elmer, P. Cabrales, N. Zhang, Q. Wang and A. F. Palmer, “Synthesis and biophysical properties of polymerized human serum albumins,” Biotechnology Progress 27: 290-296 (2011)

 N. Zhang and A. F. Palmer, “Polymerization of human hemoglobin using the cross-linker 1,11-bis(maleimido)triethylene glycol for use as an oxygen carrier,” Biotechnology Progress 26:1481-1485 (2010)

 S. I. Gundersen, G. Chen, H. Powell and A. F. Palmer, “Hemoglobin regulates the metabolic and synthetic function of rat insulinoma cells cultured in a hollow fiber bioreactor,” Biotechnology and Bioengineering 107: 582-592 (2010)

 G. Chen and A. F. Palmer, “Hemoglobin regulates the metabolic, synthetic, detoxification and biotransformation functions of C3A hepatoma cells cultured in a hollow fiber bioreactor,” Tissue Engineering A 16: 3231-3240 (2010)

 J. Elmer, P. W. Buehler, Y. Jia, F. Wood, D. R. Harris, A. I. Alayash and A. F. Palmer, “Functional comparison of hemoglobin purified by different methods and their biophysical implications,” Biotechnology and Bioengineering 13: 3723-3735 (2010)

 S. Rameez, R. Bamba and A. F. Palmer, “Large scale production of vesicles by hollow fiber extrusion: a novel method for generating polymersome encapsulated hemoglobin dispersions,” Langmuir 26: 5279–5285 (2010)

 P. W. Buehler, Y. Zhou, P. Cabrales, Y. Jia, G. Sun, D. R. Harris, A. G. Tsai, M. Intaglietta and A. F. Palmer, “Synthesis, biophysical properties and pharmacokinetics of ultrahigh molecular weight tense and relaxed state polymerized hemoglobins,” Biomaterials 13: 3723-3735 (2010)

 P. Cabrales, Y. Zhou, D. R. Harris, and A. F. Palmer, “Tissue oxygenation after exchange transfusion with ultrahigh molecular weight tense and relaxed state polymerized bovine hemoglobins,” American Journal of Physiology: Heart and Circulatory Physiology 293: H1062-H1071 (2010)

 D. Gallego-Perez, N. Higuita-Castro, S. Sharma, R. K. Reen, A. F. Palmer, K. J. Gooch, L. J. Lee, J. J. Lannutti and D. J. Hansford “High throughput assembly of spatially controlled 3D cell clusters on a micro/nano platform,” Lab on a Chip 10: 775-782 (2010)

 G. Chen and A. F. Palmer, “Mixtures of hemoglobin-based oxygen carriers and perfluorocarbons exhibit a synergistic effect in oxygenating hepatic hollow fiber bioreactors,” Biotechnology and Bioengineering 105: 534-542 (2009)

 A. F. Palmer, G. Sun and D. R. Harris, “The quaternary structure of tetrameric hemoglobin regulates the oxygen affinity of polymerized hemoglobin” Biotechnology Progress 25: 1803-1809 (2009)

 A. Bowling, A. F. Palmer and L. Wilhelm, “Contact and impact in the multibody dynamics of motor protein locomotion,” Langmuir 25: 12974-12981 (2009)

 P. Cabrales, G. Sun, D. R. Harris, Y. Zhou, A. G. Tsai, M. Intaglietta and A. F. Palmer, “Effects of the molecular mass of tense-state polymerized bovine hemoglobin on blood pressure and vasoconstriction,” Journal of Applied Physiology 107: 1548-1558 (2009)

 J. Elmer, D. R. Harris, G. Sun and A. F. Palmer, "Purification of hemoglobin by tangential flow filtration with diafiltrantion," Biotechnology Progress 25: 1402-1410 (2009)

 G. Chen and A. F. Palmer, “Perfluorocarbon facilitated O2 transport in a hepatic hollow fiber bioreactor,” Biotechnology Progress 25: 1317-1321 (2009)

 A. Bowling and A. F. Palmer, “The small mass assumption applied to the multibody dynamics of motor proteins,” Journal of Biomechanics 42: 1218-1223 (2009)

 S. I. Gundersen, G. Chen and A. F. Palmer, “Mathematical model of NO and O2 transport in an arteriole facilitated by hemoglobin-based O2 carriers,” Biophysical Chemistry 143: 1-17 (2009)

 G. Chen and A. F. Palmer, “Hemoglobin-based oxygen carrier and convection enhanced oxygen transport in a hollow fiber bioreactor,” Biotechnology and Bioengineering 102: 1603-1612 (2009)

 A. F. Palmer, G. Sun and D. R. Harris, “Tangential flow filtration of hemoglobin,” Biotechnology Progress 25: 189-199 (2009)

 S. I. Gundersen and A. F. Palmer, “Hemoglobin-based oxygen carrier enhanced tumor oxygenation: A novel strategy for cancer therapy,” Biotechnology Progress 24: 1353-1364 (2008)

 D. R. Harris and A. F. Palmer, “Modern cross-linking strategies for synthesizing acellular hemoglobin-based oxygen carriers,” Biotechnology Progress 24: 1215-1225 (2008)

 Y. Zhang, G. Sun, P. G. Wang and A. F. Palmer, “Site-selective glycosylation of hemoglobin on Cys-93 b,” Bioconjugate Chemistry 19: 2221-2230 (2008)

 S. I. Gundersen, M. S. Kennedy and A. F. Palmer, “Immune recognition of exposed xenoantigens on the surface of PEGylated bovine red blood cells,” Biotechnology and Bioengineering 101: 337-344 (2008)

 J. Sullivan, D. R. Harris and A. F. Palmer, “Convection and hemoglobin-based oxygen carrier enhanced oxygen transport in a hepatic hollow fiber bioreactor,” Artificial Cells, Blood Substitutes, and Biotechnology 36: 386-402 (2008)

 S. Rameez, H. Alosta and A. F. Palmer, “Biocompatible and biodegradable polymersome encapsulated hemoglobin: A novel type of oxygen carrier,” Bioconjugate Chemistry 19: 1025-1032 (2008)

 G. Sun and A. F. Palmer, “Preparation of ultrapure human and bovine hemoglobin via anion exchange chromatography,” Journal of Chromatography B 867: 1-7 (2008)

 Enrico Bucci, Tim Estep, Martha Farmer, Gerson Greenburg, John Harrington, Hae Won Kim, Harvey Klein, Phyllis Mitchell, George Nemo, Ken Olsen, Andre Palmer, Robert Valeri, and Robert Winslow,  “Basic science focus on blood substitutes: A summary of the NHLBI Division of Blood Diseases and Resources Working Group Workshop, March 1, 2006,” Transfusion 48: 776-782 (2008)

 D. R. Harris and A. F. Palmer, “Novel strategies for transporting cellular hemoglobin-based oxygen carriers in the systemic circulation,” Transfusion Alternatives in Transfusion Medicine 9: 237-245 (2007)

 J. P. Sullivan, J. E. Gordon, T. Bou-Akl, H. W. T. Matthew and A. F. Palmer, “Enhanced oxygen delivery to primary hepatocytes within a hollow fiber bioreactor facilitated via hemoglobin-based oxygen carriers,” Artificial Cells, Blood Substitutes, and Biotechnology 35: 585-606 (2007)

 M. Dimino and A. F. Palmer, “Purification of bovine hemoglobin via fast performance liquid chromatography,” Journal of Chromatography B 856: 353-357 (2007)

 M. Dimino and A. F. Palmer, “Hemoglobin-based O2 carrier O2 affinity and capillary inlet pO2 are important factors that influence O2 transport in a capillary,” Biotechnology Progress 23: 921-931 (2007)

 M. Dimino, and A. F. Palmer, “High O2 affinity hemoglobin-based oxygen carriers synthesized via polymerization of hemoglobin with ring-opened 2-chloroethyl-b-D-fructopyranoside and 1-o-octyl-b-D-glucopyranoside,” Biotechnology and Bioengineering 97:462-472 (2007)

 S. I. Gundersen, and A. F. Palmer, “Conjugation of methoxy(polyethylene glycol) to the surface of bovine red blood cells,” Biotechnology and Bioengineering 96:1199-210 (2007)

 S. Li, B. Byrne, J. Welsh and A. F. Palmer, “Self-assembled poly(butadiene)-b-poly(ethylene oxide) polymersomes as paclitaxel carriers,” Biotechnology Progress 23: 278-85 (2007)

 A. F. Palmer, “Molecular volume and HBOC-induced vasoconstriction?” Blood 108: 3231-3232 (2006)

 J. Sullivan, and A. F. Palmer, “Targeted oxygen delivery within hepatic hollow fiber bioreactors via supplementation of hemoglobin-based oxygen carriers,” Biotechnology Progress 22: 1374-1387 (2006)

 J. N. Patton, and A. F. Palmer, “Numerical simulation of oxygen delivery to muscle tissue in the presence of hemoglobin based oxygen carriers,” Biotechnology Progress 22: 1025-1049 (2006)

 J. N. Patton, and A. F. Palmer, “Physical properties of hemoglobin-poly(acrylamide) hydrogel-based oxygen carriers: Effect of reaction pH,” Langmuir 22: 2212-2221 (2006)

 J. Sullivan, J. Gordon, and A. F. Palmer, “Simulation of oxygen carrier mediated oxygen transport to C3A hepatoma cells housed within a hollow fiber bioreactor,” Biotechnology and Bioengineering 93: 306-317 (2006)

 R. Zhou, J. Gordon, A. F. Palmer, and H. C. Chang, “Role of erythrocyte deformability during capillary wetting,” Biotechnology and Bioengineering 93: 201-211 (2006)

 J. Gordon, M. Dare, and A. F. Palmer, “Engineering select physical properties of cross-linked red blood cells and a simple a priori estimation of their efficacy as an oxygen delivery vehicle within the context of a hepatic hollow fiber bioreactor,” Biotechnology Progress 21: 1700-1707 (2005)

 J. Gordon, and A. F. Palmer, “Impact of increased oxygen delivery via bovine red blood cell supplementation of culturing media on select metabolic and synthetic functions of C3A hepatocytes maintained within a hollow fiber bioreactor,” Artificial Cells, Blood Substitutes, and Biotechnology 33: 297-306 (2005)

 J. N. Patton, and A. F. Palmer, “Engineering temperature sensitive nanoscale hydrogel particles entrapping hemoglobin as a novel type of oxygen carrier,” Biomacromolecules 6: 2204-2212 (2005)

 D. R. Arifin, and A. F. Palmer, “Polymersome encapsulated hemoglobin: a novel type of oxygen carrier,” Biomacromolecules 6: 2172-2181 (2005)

 S. Li, and A. F. Palmer, “Structure and mechanical response of self-assembled poly(ethylene oxide)-poly(butadiene) colloids probed by atomic force microscopy,” Macromolecules 38: 5686-5698 (2005)

 D. R. Arifin, and A. F. Palmer, “Physical properties and stability mechanisms of poly(ethylene glycol) conjugated liposome encapsulated hemoglobin dispersions,” Artificial Cells, Blood Substitutes, and Biotechnology 33: 137-162 (2005)

 D. R. Arifin, and A. F. Palmer, “Stability of liposome encapsulated hemoglobin dispersions,” Artificial Cells, Blood Substitutes, and Biotechnology 33: 113-136 (2005)

 J. N. Patton, and A. F. Palmer, “Photopolymerization of bovine hemoglobin entrapped nanoscale hydrogel particles (NHPs) within liposomal reactors for use as an artificial blood substitute,” Biomacromolecules 6: 414-424 (2005)

 S. Li, J. Nickels, and A. F. Palmer, “Liposome-encapsulated actin-hemoglobin (LEAcHb) artificial blood substitutes,” Biomaterials 26: 3759-3769 (2005)

 J. H. Eike, and A. F. Palmer, “The effect of Cl- and H+ on the oxygen binding properties of glutaraldehyde polymerized bovine hemoglobin-based blood substitutes,” Biotechnology Progress 20: 1543-1549 (2004)

 S. Li, and A. F. Palmer, “Structure of small actin-containing liposomes probed by atomic force microscopy: Effect of actin concentration and liposome size,” Langmuir 20: 7917-7925 (2004)

 J. H. Eike, and A. F. Palmer, “Effect of glutaraldehyde concentration on the physical properties of polymerized hemoglobin-based oxygen carriers,” Biotechnology Progress 20: 1225-1232 (2004)

 J. H. Eike, and A. F. Palmer, “Oxidized mono/di/tri/poly saccharides as potential hemoglobin crosslinking reagents for the synthesis of high oxygen affinity artificial blood substitutes,” Biotechnology Progress 20: 953-962 (2004)

 J. H. Eike, and A. F. Palmer, “Effect of NaBH4 concentration and reaction time on the physical properties of glutaraldehyde polymerized hemoglobin,” Biotechnology Progress 20: 946-952 (2004)

 S. Li, and A. F. Palmer, “Effect of actin concentration on the structure of actin-containing liposomes,” Langmuir 20: 4629-4639 (2004)

 D. R. Arifin, and A. F. Palmer, “Determination of size distribution and encapsulation efficiency of liposome encapsulated hemoglobin blood substitutes using asymmetric flow field-flow fractionation coupled with multi-angle light scattering,” Biotechnology Progress 19: 1798-1811 (2003)

 J. Nickels, and A. F. Palmer, “Changes in liposome morphology induced by actin polymerization in submicrometer liposomes,” Langmuir 19: 10581-10587 (2003)

 A. F. Palmer, P. Wingert, and J. Nickels, “Atomic force microscopy and multi-angle light scattering of small unilamellar actin containing liposomes,” Biophysical Journal 85: 1233-1247 (2003)

 K. Rufener, A. Palmer, J. Xu, and D. Wirtz, “High-frequency dynamics and microrheology of macromolecular solutions measured by diffusing wave spectroscopy: the case of concentrated solutions of F-actin,” Journal of Non-Newtonian Fluid Mechanics 82: 303-314 (1999)

 A. Palmer, T. Mason, J. Xu, S. Kuo, and D. Wirtz, “Diffusing wave spectroscopy microrheology of actin filament networks,” Biophysical Journal 76: 1063-1071 (1999)

 J. Xu, A. Palmer, and D. Wirtz, “Rheology and microrheology of semiflexible polymer solutions: actin filament networks,” Macromolecules 31: 6486-6492 (1998)

 A. Palmer, B. Cha, and D. Wirtz, “Effect of latrunculin A on the rheology of actin filament networks,” Journal of Polymer Science B: Polymer Physics 36: 3007-3015 (1998)

 A. Palmer, J. Xu, and D. Wirtz, “High-frequency viscoelasticity of crosslinked actin filament networks measured by diffusing wave spectroscopy,” Rheologica Acta 37: 97-106 (1998)